Books available online

Just a quick note to let you know that many of my books are available in electronic format for online teaching, learning, and study:

Don’t hesitate to contact me if I can help you get access to my materials! Good luck out there.

The Fall conundrum and the international student

As the accidental face–or at least, Zoom avatar–of online learning in my department, I’ve ended up on the ELI’s “reopening committee.” Of course, it’s worth emphasizing that we’re not actually reopening because we never closed. We taught through the spring, we’re teaching in the summer, and we’ll be teaching the fall, come what may. So really it’s just the building reopening committee.

Many voices online are wondering why we’re even bothering talking about (re)opening, arguing that online is the only “moral choice.” Others contend with equal passion that online education is inequitable and unsatisfactory by definition. It’s easy to take the high ground on either side, but clearly there’s an element of magical thinking if you believe that students, or even faculty and staff, will maintain social distance 24/7 even if the quixotic room-use arrangements are followed down to the last decal. Will we make it to Thanksgiving without a major outbreak of Covid? Or Halloween? Or National Online Learning Day (Sep 15)? Can we really test the entire student body every two weeks? Do twice daily temperature checks mean anything at all? I don’t know.

I think it’s too simplistic to reduce the situation to a question of open or closed, Zoom and Canvas or bricks and mortar. Here are three questions we need to ask in my international/ESL corner of the higher ed world:

  1. What will SEVP do next? The Student and Exchange Visa Program is the bit of the US government that sets the rules for international students. Ordinarily, international students cannot take English language classes and only one university course online per semester, rules that were suspended in March. But SEVP hasn’t provided a clear determination for the Fall yet. SEVP could extend the current flexibility, or they could tell international students that they must attend face-to-face classes if they are offered by their institutions. Since my university has promised at least some face-to-face classes, visa students may be forced to come to campus if they are physically present in the US or risk falling out of status, and we have to plan for that possibility. So we can’t just afford to reject on-campus classes out of hand.
  2. How many faculty will be comfortable and willing to teach in person? It’s true that most–but certainly not all–students are at lower risk of contracting a serious case of Covid from the coronavirus, but we faculty are more likely to be, excuse my French, d’un certain age. And that’s even without considering underlying health conditions, caregiver responsibilities, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the constant risk of school closings for those of us with young kids. I believe that my university and department are acting in goodwill, but they’re asking me to say now if I’ll be comfortable teaching in a classroom on Sep 1, and the honest answer is “I don’t know yet.”
  3. Do students actually want to take classes on campus? This to me is the least examined question. I feel that a lot of administrators, parents, and even faculty are assuming that we have to reopen campuses because students overwhelmingly prefer face-to-face classes and that they would rather not study at all than continue for another semester or (don’t shoot the messenger) longer online. But is this actually true?

We just surveyed our students at the end of our first fully online 8-week session. Almost 60% of our student body participated (n = 148), giving us a solid sample. All our students are international and are learning English for academic, business, or personal reasons. Just under half are already taking classes from their home countries, having left the US since March, plus a handful who started online in May. When asked their preference for the fall, about a third requested some form of face-to-face classes. That’s a bit misleading since international students won’t have the choice to return to the US for Fall classes, so I also looked at responses from students who are in this country, and still only 37% said they would prefer on-campus classes. Interestingly 41% want to take classes online from the US, while only 19% (15 students) expressed a desire to return home and take remote classes.

That sounds about right to me: A third or so of students really want an in-person experience (and perhaps will not enroll or defer if they can’t get it), students already in their home countries are still interested in our classes (with no travel and housing costs, they just dropped in price dramatically!), and a significant group want to stay here, study online, and wait until we can safely open a better classroom experience (they probably didn’t read this article about a day in the life of a Fall student, but they can imagine it). Put another way, although a sizeable majority of our particular student body wants to stay online for now, we need to decide soon whether we can offer safe and effective classes for those who don’t.

We also canvased students (all puns intended) on their preference for synchronous vs. asynchronous learning. As I’ve previously explained, we chose to move to a fully synchronous model with all Zoom classes all the time. And inevitably, both students and faculty are exhausted. A large majority of students (74%) supported the strategic blend of synchro/asynch that we are planning, in which about 60-80% of instruction will take place in asynchronous modes. This does leave a quarter of students asking for eight days a week on Zoom (because that’s what it’s going to feel like) but I wonder if this is partly because many students haven’t yet experienced high-quality, well-designed asynchronous learning experiences.

Online learning is far from ideal for everyone, but neither is the socially distant classroom that we will encounter in September if/when we go back to campus. Some students need the structure of fully synchronous classes, while most will probably appreciate the flexibility and educational opportunities of asynch modules. We need to continue to make plans for a wide range of scenarios, including reclosing the campus after reopening it. And both faculty and students should have the right to stay home without any fear of coercion or retribution if they do not feel safe attending in-person classes. But we should at least ask them first.

(As I’ve been doing throughout this period, here are the latest stats in Delaware. In the past week, 3 people died from COVID-19, the lowest death toll since the virus was first reported in the state, and hospitalizations fell to 78. However, the rate of positive tests has gone up as the state has moved into “stage 2.” In a photo in the News Journal, crowds of people can be seen celebrating the end of road construction of Main Street, Newark, on Thursday, right in front of the building where I work! … without wearing masks.)

Synchronized swimming (or drowning)?

When my eldest son was 5, he participated in the North Brandywine Swim League (go Sharks!). This involved the rest of us sitting by the side of local pools for many hours waiting for the highlight of our summer evenings, the under-7 backstroke, or as I called it, synchronized drowning. Twenty yards of tense excitement (for the lifeguards).

Over on Twitter, our British and Canadian #tleap (teaching/learning English for academic purposes) colleagues have shortened synchronous online teaching to synchro, and it’s hard not to think of synchronized swimming. Or possibly drowning.

Synchronous instruction is a mode of online teaching in which students are present “live” at the same time in the same virtual space, usually with the teacher, which for us now means a Zoom class.

Continue reading “Synchronized swimming (or drowning)?”

Broadway metaphors for online teaching

The usual dumpster fire of news was quenched slightly this week by this announcement: CBS Will Replace This Year’s Tony Awards With a Grease Sing-Along.

(Fun fact: I stage managed St Catharine’s College’s one-day only May Week production of Grease in 1997 at the West Road Concert Hall in Cambridge, in which we used a motorbike as “Greased Lightening.” I had to bring a fire extinguisher on stage and try not to make it too conspicuous because fire regulations.)

Anyway, it struck me that the substitution of a Grease sing-along for the Tony Awards is an apt metaphor for online ESL teaching. You have questions? I thought so. In the remainder of this post, Grease Sing-Along will mean new online ESL classes, while the Tony Awards refers to traditional face-to-face ESL classes. Continue reading “Broadway metaphors for online teaching”

Remote Learning: What students told us

Soon after we started teaching remotely at the UD English Language Institute, we learned that we wouldn’t be going back into the classroom this summer, and many students will continue to take our courses online for longer than that because we don’t know when international students will be admitted to the US, nor when they will feel safe enough to try. So we wanted to know more about the students’ experience of our remote classes.

We conducted an online survey in our intensive English program with three simple open-ended questions: Continue reading “Remote Learning: What students told us”

Typical Zoom lesson (transcript)


We’ve survived a month of remote teaching via Zoom, and we have a week to breath before the next session starts. So, I thought I’d share some Zoom humor, or Zoomor, if you like.

When we make Zoom recordings, our classroom capture system attempts to transcribe it automatically. Unfortunately, the technology can’t quite keep up with my accent or speed of delivery or … something, and the results are often bizarre. Here then is a compilation of greatest hits from the last month. The excerpts are unedited and all come from me (not my students). I have rearranged them and added fictitious time stamps and speech prefixes. Prizes for anyone who can guess what I teach. One hint, my course is called Grad VI (read “grad six”), Listening/Speaking for Graduate Students.

Enjoy. Continue reading “Typical Zoom lesson (transcript)”

Keeping our distance: What we did next

In my last post, about a century and a half ago (OK, two and a half weeks), I described how we took the English Language Institute at the University of Delaware online in ten days. Now we’ve finished three weeks of remote instruction, how’s it going?

Not bad.

Which, all in all, is pretty good. Continue reading “Keeping our distance: What we did next”

Going live: What we did and how we did it

As intensive English programs like ours are shifting from face-to-face to remote and online classes around the world, I thought it would be useful (if only for posterity!) to document what we have done at the University of Delaware English Language Institute.

My view is largely of the academic side. There is a whole complex layer of administration and student support going on as well, where my colleagues have moved mountains to recreate advising, tutoring, registrar services, and extracurricular activities for the coronavirus universe. But in terms of teaching and learning, these have been our steps so far, forming a rough timeline of a very rough time. Continue reading “Going live: What we did and how we did it”

Remote ESL/IEP Teaching

They said keep a journal  … yeah, that’s not going to happen, but I am happy to share two documents I created as part of training the English Language Institute faculty to move to remote instruction as our campus rapidly shut down in the last few days due to the spread of the novel coronavirus. I presented these as part of hours of in-person and (later) online workshops and demonstrations spread over 3 slightly hectic days.

We decided to limit our technology to platforms licensed and supported by the University which we felt gave the biggest return on the investment of time without making excessive demands on faculty who are less comfortable with technology. So we’re primarily using Zoom for “live” teaching, and Canvas (our LMS) and GoogleApps for those feeling a bit more adventurous.

These Google Docs are licensed with Creative Commons so you can copy, adapt, and share them. Hope they’re useful to other programs living through these challenging times!

New Language Immersion Experience

I was inspired by Rachael Cayley’s excellent plenary at the Consortium on Graduate Communication’s Summer Institute last year to post more about successful lessons on my blog. So here goes … My annual summer gig for the last 8 years has been to teach a Second Language Acquisition course for Delaware K-12 teachers. Our state has seen a dramatic increase in the number of English learners, who now account for almost 9% of total public school enrollment. However, we have a critical shortage of certified ESL teachers, which we have tried to address in part through the University of Delaware’s Additional Certification in ESL program, which I created and coordinate. Our strategy is to train as many existing teachers as possible in the theory and methods of ESL teaching so that they can not only support ELs directly but also disseminate their expertise in their schools.

Which brings me to last Monday and the first day of the 2019 course in Dover.* Continue reading “New Language Immersion Experience”